Brno is the second largest city in the Czech Republic and the largest in the Moravia region. It has a large historic core and a number of fascinating monuments and architectural gems. Here are ten of Brno's best known and most visited attractions:
Construction began on this old castle in Brno near the beginning of the 13th Century. It has a dark history and was a prison shrouded in horrific legends, but has beautiful views down over the city.
This is another castle near Brno, around 15km north west of the city centre, on the River Svratka. This castle dates back to the 13th Century and has a mediaeval-style interior. The castle was occupied by the German forces during the Second World War.
This functionalist house is listed by UNESCO as a pioneering prototype of modernist architecture. It was designed by the famous architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and built in 1929.
Cathedral of St. Peter and Paul
Along with Spilberk Castle this Cathedral dominates the landscape of the old portion of the city. This Gothic Roman Catholic Cathedral sits on Petrov hill and looms over surrounding buildings. It has a Baroque interior. Strangely, for historical reasons, the bells are rung not at noon but at 11am.
This is the second largest art gallery and museum in the Czech Republic. It houses a major collection dating back as far as the Gothic period and also showcases contemporary artworks.
Church of St James
This historic church 15th Century Gothic church has a tower almost 100m high and sports a Baroque pulpit with reliefs of Jesus Christ and a small cheeky stone figure known as 'the shameless' who bares his buttocks towards the Cathedral from the clock tower.
Moravske Zemske Muzeum
This the the second largest and oldest museum in the country. It is housed in a Baroque building and contains exhibits regarding Moravian history and culture from pre-history to the present.
Museum of Romani Culture
This fascinating and insightful museum gives detailed insight into the history and culture of the romani people. It came into existence in the 1990s and was designed to bridge the gap between Roma and Czech people. It tells the story of Roma or gypsy people through a series of exhibits and artefacts.
Brno Ossuary was not rediscovered until 2001. It is the second largest ossuary in Europe after the Paris Catacombs and it is thought to house the remains of over 50,000 people. The ossuary came into being in the 17th Century and was expanded in the 18th. It has been open to the public since 2012.
This historic theatre was built on one of Brno's oldest squares and started life as the Taverna Theatre in Renaissance times. Mozart and his sister performed a concert here in 1767. He was just 11, she 15. This is the oldest theatre in central Europe.
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